Philosophy is a critical and systematic investigation of deep, fascinating and challenging questions, such as: What is human being? Do we have free will? What do we mean when we say something is right or wrong?
These abstract questions arise from our everyday experiences, and philosophical tools such as critical and systematic thinking, careful analysis and the construction of arguments provide the means to address such issues. The practice of philosophy deepens and clarifies our understanding of these questions, as well as our ability to formulate possible answers.
The emphasis of the philosophy subject of the Diploma Program is on "doing philosophy", that is, on actively involving students in philosophical activity. The course focuses on stimulating students' intellectual curiosity and encouraging them to examine their own perspectives and those of others. Students face the challenge of developing their own philosophical voice and becoming independent thinkers, as well as interacting with some of the most interesting and influential thinkers in the world. The subject develops skills such as the ability to formulate arguments clearly, make reasonable judgments and evaluate highly complex and multifaceted issues.
All students study a central theme entitled "Being human". This theme offers the opportunity to explore the fundamental question of what it is to be human. This exploration is carried out through a discussion of key concepts such as identity, freedom and human nature. and through a consideration of questions such as what distinguishes humans from other species, where the limits of human lies lie, and whether animals or machines could be considered people. Students also develop their skills through the study of other philosophical topics and the reading of a philosophical text. They also learn to apply their knowledge and philosophical skills to real-life situations and explore how non-philosophical material can be treated in a philosophical way. They also engage in a deeper exploration of the nature of philosophy itself.